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Amphibia > Anura > Bufonidae > Duttaphrynus

Duttaphrynus microtympanum (Boulenger, 1882) – Small-eared Toad

Taxonomic Notes:

This is also known as the Southern Hill Toad.

Early Stages:
Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This species is rare. It inhabits montane shola, tropical evergreen forests, and grasslands of the southern Western ghats of India, at altitudes ranging from 1,400m to 2,100m asl (IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2004).

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining, and its current population size is unknown. Its Extent of Occupancy is less than 20,000 sq km with a severely fragmented distribution. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to agriculture, dam building, road construction, and urbanization.


Biju, S.D., Dutta, S., Vasudevan, K., Vijayakumar, S.P., Srinivasulu, C. & Dasaramji Buddhe, G. 2004. Duttaphrynus microtympanum (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54710A86445171. Accessed on 07 November 2020.

Amphibia > Anura > Bufonidae > Duttaphrynus

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R. 2023. Duttaphrynus microtympanum (Boulenger, 1882) – Small-eared Toad. Gosavi, N., A. Bayani, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (eds.). Amphibians of India, v. 1.05. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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