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Amphibia > Anura > Rhacophoridae > Raorchestes

Raorchestes tinniens (Jerdon, 1853) – Nilgiri Bush Frog

Taxonomic Notes:

This is also known as the Spotted Bush Frog.

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

Early Stages:
Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This species is very rare. It inhabits montane grasslands and tropical evergreen forests of the southern Western Ghats of India (mainly Ooty and the Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu), at heights ranging 1,700m - 2,000m asl.

Conservation Status:

According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining, and its current population size is unknown. Its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 sq km with a severely fragmented distribution. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to agriculture and urbanization.


Biju, S.D., Dasaramji Buddhe, G., Dutta, S., Vasudevan, K., Srinivasulu, C. & Vijayakumar, S.P. 2004. Raorchestes tinniens (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58926A86247871. Accessed on 07 November 2020.

Amphibia > Anura > Rhacophoridae > Raorchestes

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R. 2023. Raorchestes tinniens (Jerdon, 1853) – Nilgiri Bush Frog. Gosavi, N., A. Bayani, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (eds.). Amphibians of India, v. 1.05. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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