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Amphibia > Anura > Rhacophoridae > Raorchestes

Raorchestes glandulosus (Jerdon, 1853) – Glandular Bush Frog

Taxonomic Notes:

This is alos known as the Southern Bubble-nest Frog.

Early Stages:
Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This Indian nocturnal and arboreal species is rare. It inhabits plantations and tropical forests of the Western Ghats (mainly the Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu, Agasthyamala hills in Kerala, and some parts of Maharashtra) at the heights of 400m - 2,000m asl.

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining. Its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 sq km, with a severely fragmented distribution. The threat to its persistence comes from agriculture and timber extraction.


S.D. Biju, S. Bhupathy, Gajanan Dasaramji Bhuddhe, Bexel Ayyasamy Daniel, Sushil Dutta, S.P. Vijayakumar, Karthikeyan Vasudevan. 2004. Raorchestes glandulosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58847A11849180. Accessed on 09 November 2020.

Amphibia > Anura > Rhacophoridae > Raorchestes

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R. 2023. Raorchestes glandulosus (Jerdon, 1853) – Glandular Bush Frog. Gosavi, N., A. Bayani, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (eds.). Amphibians of India, v. 1.05. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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