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Amphibia > Anura > Bufonidae > Duttaphrynus

Duttaphrynus parietalis (Boulenger, 1882) – Ridged Toad

Taxonomic Notes:

This is also known as the Indian Toad.

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

Early Stages:
Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:
This species is uncommon. It inhabits semi-evergreen and moist evergreen tropical forests in Western Ghats of India, at the heights of 400m - 900m asl.

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the opulation of this species is declining, and its current population size is unknown. Its Extent of Occurrence is not greater than 20,000 sq km. The primary threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to deforestation for agricultural and commercial development.


S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Karthikeyan Vasudevan, S.P. Vijayakumar, Chelmala Srinivasulu, Gajanan Dasaramji Bhuddhe. 2004. Duttaphrynus parietalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54725A11194867. Accessed on 08 November 2020.

Amphibia > Anura > Bufonidae > Duttaphrynus

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R. 2023. Duttaphrynus parietalis (Boulenger, 1882) – Ridged Toad. Gosavi, N., A. Bayani, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (eds.). Amphibians of India, v. 1.05. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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